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Instrument Guide

There are four basic categories of musical instruments, categorised by the way the basic sound is produced. Any items we do not distribute are not explained in more detail below, so please note that this information is not exhaustive.

Wind Instruments

Any instrument that the player blows into (e.g. trumpet or flute) or pumps air into (e.g. accordion or pipe organ). The bagpipes do both.

Stringed Instruments

Includes two types, bowed instruments (e.g. violins) and plucked instruments (e.g. guitars), both of which use vibrating strings to produce the sound. The piano fits into both this category and the percussion category, since the strings are hit by hammers.

Percussion

The vibrating medium is struck by the players hand (e.g. bongos) or a by a stick or mallet (e.g. drum kit).

Electronic

Any musical instrument that produces or modifies sounds by electric, and usually electronic, means.

Wind Instruments

KJ Music supplies three main sub-categories of wind instruments: brass instruments (sound produced by the player's lips vibrating inside a cup-shaped mouthpiece), woodwind instruments (sound produced by the player blowing through a reed or air-reed), and free-reed organs (where the air is blown or pumped into the instrument by mechanical or indirect means).

Brass Instruments

TYPEGROUPNAME
HORNS (CONICAL BORE)VALVESBARITONE HORN
CORNET
EUPHONIUM
FLUGELHORN
FRENCH HORN
TENOR HORN
TUBA
NO VALVESBUGLE
CLARIONS (STRAIGHT BORE)SLIDETROMBONE
BASS TROMBONE
VALVESVALVE TROMBONE
TRUMPET
HYBRIDVALVESFLUGELBONE

Woodwind Instruments

TYPEGROUPNAMEVOICE
FLUTESFIPPLE FLUTESRECORDERSSOPRANINO
SOPRANO or "DESCANT" (UK & AUST)
ALTO or "TREBLE" (UK & AUST)
TENOR
BASS
GREAT BASS
WHISTLESTIN WHISTLE
PENNY WHISTLE
TRANSVERSE FLUTESCONCERT (the common flute)
ALTO
BASS
PICCOLO
REEDSDOUBLE REEDSBASSOON
COR ANGLAIS
OBOE
SINGLE REEDS (WITH MOUTHPIECE)CLARINETSBb (the common clarinet)
A
Eb SOPRANO
C SOPRANO
Eb ALTO
Bb BASS
SAXOPHONESEb SOPRANINO
Bb SOPRANO
Eb ALTO
Bb TENOR
Eb BARITONE

Reed Organs

HARMONICASACCORDIONSMELODICAS
CHROMATIC (all notes playable)DIATONIC SINGLE REED PER HOLEDIATONIC TWO REEDS PER HOLEPIANO BUTTONCONCERTINAS
SOLO or MELODYCHORD, ORCHESTRAL & BASSOCTAVE TUNEDTREMOLO TUNED
AMADEUSBASS CHROMATICAALABAMA BLUESAUTOVALVEALPENECHOAMICACOMPADRED40/9 DIATONICSTUDENT 26
CHROMETTACHROMATICABIG RIVERCOMET OCTAVEBIG VALLEYATLANTICCORONAD40/12 DIATONICSTUDENT 32
CHROMONICACHORD ACCOMPANIMENTBLUES BANDECHO OCTAVEBRAVI ALPINIBRAVO IICORSOD60/8 ANGLO DIATONICFIRE
CHROMONICA DELUXEVINETABLUES HARPKNITTLINGERECHOBRAVO IIIERICAC48/6 ANGLO CHROMATICOCEAN
CX12CROSS HARPMARINE BAND OCTAVEECHO SOLOISTGOLAGOLA
KOCHCROSSOVERSEDUCTORAGOLDEN MELODY TREMOLOMORINONOVA
LARRY ADLERGOLDEN MELODYUNSERE LIEBLINGERGOLIATHVIENNAM. GERARDA
MEISTERKLASSE CHROMATICMARINE BANDHIGHLANDERM. GERARDA
SILVER CONCERTOMEISTERKLASSEKREUZWENDERM GERARDA
SLIDE HARPPUCK21 TREMOLO DELUXE
SUPER 64PRO HARPO FADO PORTUGUESE
SUPER 64XSILVER STARRHEINGOLD
TOOTS THIELEMANSSPECIAL 20TREMOLO SOLOIST
TRAVELLER
XB-40

Stringed Instruments

GROUPTYPENAME
PLUCKED or STRUMMEDGUITARSACOUSTIC (steel strings, narrow neck)
CLASSICAL (nylon or gut strings, broad neck)
ELECTRIC
BASS GUITAR
FOLK INSTRUMENTSBANJO
MANDOLIN
UKULELE
BOWED ORCHESTRALVIOLIN
VIOLA
CELLO

Percussion Instruments

GROUPTYPENAME
PITCHEDTYMPANI
MALLET PERCUSSIONGLOCKENSPIEL
MARIMBA
VIBRAPHONE
XYLOPHONE
TONE BARS (single bar with resonator)
BELLSTUBULAR BELLS
UNPITCHEDDRUMSMARCHING DRUMS
CONCERT DRUMS
BONGOS, DJEMBES, FRAME DRUMS
SHAKERSCABASAS, RAIN TUBES, MARACAS
BELLSCOWBELLS, AGOGO BELLS,
SCRAPERSGUIRO,
MULTIPLE BELLS/JINGLESTAMBOURINES, SLEIGH BELLS, WRIST BELLS